Lisbon is the coastal and mountainous capital of Portugal. From the imposing castle of San Jorge, the view encompasses the pastel-colored buildings in the old city, the Tagus estuary, and the 25 de Abril suspension bridge. Nearby, the National Tile Museum exhibits 5 centuries of decorative ceramic tiles. Just outside Lisbon is a strip of beaches on the Atlantic, from Cascais to Estoril.
Porto is a coastal city in northwestern Portugal, known for its imposing bridges. In the medieval district of Ribeira, the narrow cobblestone streets are lined with merchant houses and cafes. The Iglesia de San Francisco is known for its extravagant baroque interior, with ornate carvings covered in gold. The 19th-century Palácio de Bolsa, formerly a stock exchange, was built to impress would-be European investors.
The Algarve, the southernmost region of Portugal, is known for its Mediterranean beaches and golf resorts. Whitewashed fishing villages on low cliffs, overlooking sandy coves, were transformed in the 1960s and now its central coastline between Lagos and Faro is lined with villas, hotels, bars and restaurants. The Atlantic coast in the west of the region and the rugged interior are less developed.